Table of Contents

- 1 What is difference between logical and arithmetic operations?
- 2 What is arithmetic IF statement in Fortran?
- 3 What is the use of IF block?
- 4 What are the differences between arithmetic and relational operators?
- 5 In what version of Fortran was the logical IF statement introduced?
- 6 How does if else work?
- 7 How many types of logical operators are there?
- 8 What is the difference between logical AND && and logical or || in logical operators?
- 9 What is the difference between arithmetic and logical operations?
- 10 How do you multiply in arithmetic shift?

## What is difference between logical and arithmetic operations?

Arithmetical operators are functions that take numbers as arguments and map onto a new number. Logical operators are functions that take propositions (or whatever that can have only two different values, such as ‘true’ or ‘false’) and map them onto either one of those values.

### What is arithmetic IF statement in Fortran?

The arithmetic IF statement conditionally transfers control to one of three statements, based on the value of an arithmetic expression. It is an obsolescent feature in Fortran 95 and Fortran 90. Are the labels of valid branch target statements that are in the same scoping unit as the arithmetic IF statement.

#### What is the use of IF block?

Description. The block IF statement evaluates a logical expression and, if the logical expression is true, it executes a set of statements called the IF block. If the logical expression is false, control transfers to the next ELSE , ELSE IF , or END IF statement at the same IF -level.

**What order is evaluated for arithmetic operators?**

When an expression contains no parentheses, the expression evaluates the arithmetic operators in the following hierarchical order: unary plus and minus. exponentiation. multiplication and division.

**What is the main difference between logical and and logical or?**

Answer

Logical AND (&&) | Logical OR(||) |
---|---|

It evaluates to true only if both of its operands are true. | It evaluates to true if one or both of its operands are true. |

## What are the differences between arithmetic and relational operators?

Answer: Arithmetic operators are used to perform mathematical operations. Relational operators are used to perform comparison operations.

### In what version of Fortran was the logical IF statement introduced?

FORTRAN IV

The statement provided the only way to compare numbers—by testing their difference, with an attendant risk of overflow. This deficiency was later overcome by “logical” facilities introduced in FORTRAN IV.

#### How does if else work?

The if/else statement executes a block of code if a specified condition is true. If the condition is false, another block of code can be executed. Use if to specify a block of code to be executed, if a specified condition is true. Use else to specify a block of code to be executed, if the same condition is false.

**How do you explain an if statement?**

A good way to think of the if statement is as a true or false question. They ask the program if something is true, and tell it what to do next based on the answer. So, if statements essentially mean: ‘If something is true, then do something, otherwise do something else.

**Is logical an operator?**

A logical operator is a symbol or word used to connect two or more expressions such that the value of the compound expression produced depends only on that of the original expressions and on the meaning of the operator. Common logical operators include AND, OR, and NOT.

## How many types of logical operators are there?

There’s three types of logic operators:Negation (NOT) Disjunction (OR) Conjunction (AND).

### What is the difference between logical AND && and logical or || in logical operators?

It is a binary AND Operator and copies a bit to the result if it exists in both operands. (A & B) will give 12 which is 0000 1100. Whereas && is a logical AND operator and operates on boolean operands. If both the operands are true, then the condition becomes true otherwise it is false.

#### What is the difference between arithmetic and logical operations?

What is the difference between arithmetic and logical operations? Arithmetic operators perform their actions on numbers. Assignment operators assign values to variables. Logical operators compare two values and, based on whether the comparison is true (or false), return either a “true” or “false.” What are the types of ALU?

**What is the difference between logical shift and arithmetic shift?**

With a logical shift, the bits of a word are shifted left or right. On one end, the bit shifted out is lost. On the other end, a 0 is shifted in. The arithmetic shift operation treats the data as a signed integer and does not shift the sign bit.

**What is arithmetic shift in C++?**

The arithmetic shift operation treats the data as a signed integer and does not shift the sign bit. On a right arithmetic shift, the sign bit is replicated into the bit position to its right. On a left arithmetic shift, a logical left shift is performed on all bits but the sign bit, which is retained.

## How do you multiply in arithmetic shift?

Arithmetic Shift operations can be used for dividing or multiplying an integer variable. Multiplication by left shift: The result of a Left Shift operation is a multiplication by 2 n , where n is the number of shifted bit positions.