How are the scheduled castes different from the scheduled tribes?

How are the scheduled castes different from the scheduled tribes?

Scheduled Castes (SCs), also known as Dalits, are traditionally and socially marginalised in India, where they face injustice as a result of their low caste status. Scheduled Tribes (STs), also known as Adivasis or tribal groups, are socially banned in India and face discrimination because of their race.

What is the difference between SC ST and OBC?

A caste in the SC list gets more government benefits than one in the OBC list. Also, since the OBC population is large, there is close competition among OBC groups for reservation benefits. If these 17 castes are moved to the list of SCs, they will face less competition because the SC population is smaller.

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How is tribe different from caste?

(a) A tribe theoretically is a territorial group while a caste is a socio-cultural group. When a tribe loses its territorial character, it takes the form of a caste. A caste or tribe may change its name and also its mode of livelihood and still retains its collective identity.

What do you know about schedule caste and scheduled tribes?

The Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are officially designated groups of people and among the most disadvantaged socio-economic groups in India. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes comprise about 16.6\% and 8.6\%, respectively, of India’s population (according to the 2011 census).

Are Scheduled Tribes Dalits?

Some sources say that Dalit encompasses a broader range of communities than the official Scheduled Caste definition. It can include nomadic tribes and another official classification that also originated with the British Raj positive discrimination efforts in 1935, being the Scheduled Tribes.

Who comes under Scheduled Tribes?

In accordance with The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act, 1976 and as inserted by Act 39 of 1991.

  • Adiyan.
  • Barda.
  • Bavacha, Bamcha.
  • Bhil, Bhil Garasia, Dholi Bhil, Dungri Bhil, Dungri Garasia, Mewasi Bhil, Rawal Bhil, Tadvi Bhil, Bhagalia, Bhilala, Pawra, Vasava, Vasave.
  • Chenchu, Chenchwar.
  • Chodhara.
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What are the similarities between tribe and caste?

According to N.K Bose there are many similarities in customs between tribes and castes and they are interdependent. Marriage within the clan is forbidden both in the tribe as well as in the caste. Both generally don’t encourage marriage outside the group.

What is tribe caste continuum?

Tribe-caste continuum means transformation of a tribal group into a caste group. The tribe evolved on the basis of community feeling of communities inhabiting a definite geographical area. Several differences between tribe and caste are known but there is trend in a gradual change from tribe to caste.

What is the percentage of Scheduled Castes in India’s population?

The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes comprise about 16.6\% and 8.6\%, respectively, of India’s population (according to the 2011 census).

Why Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are given reservation status?

Since the independence of India, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were given Reservation status, guaranteeing political representation. The Constitution lays down the general principles of positive discrimination for SCs and STs.

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What are the similarities in constitutional provisions to protect Scheduled Castes?

Some of the Similarities in Constitutional provisions to protect the interests of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes through the Constitution of India are: Article 46 – As per Article 46 of the Constitution of India, States will have to promote and protect the educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

How many castes are there in the Constitution?

The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950, lists 1,108 castes across 28 states in its 1st Schedule. The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950, lists 744 tribes across 22 states in its First Schedule.