Was the English longbow effective?

Was the English longbow effective?

A six-foot bow made of yew wood, the English longbow had a draw weight of between 80 and 150 pounds, an effective range of up to 350 yards. The heavy war arrows used were able to penetrate all but the very best steel plate armor of the medieval period.

What made the English longbow so effective in battle?

Longbows were serious weapons, and their power was immense. Arrows could penetrate chain mail with relative ease, and frequently did, making plate armour more and more necessary. While medieval crossbows were also very powerful range weapons, longbows were cheaper, easier to make, and faster to shoot.

How did the longbow contribute to the early success of the English during the war?

The longbow was vital in the victory of the English over the French in the Hundred Years’ War. The ability of the archers to shoot more arrows per minute than crossbowmen and the long range of the weapon gave the outnumbered English an advantage in the Battles of Crecy and Agincourt.

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Why was the longbow better than the crossbow?

Usage of Longbows Compared to the crossbow, the English longbow was a much cheaper weapon to produce, and it was less complicated to maintain and operate. Furthermore, its lower draw weight meant archers could fire dozens of shots per minute while still penetrating thick Medieval armor.

When was the English longbow used?

The English longbow was the most important English military invention of the 1300s and it changed the political face of Europe forever. The longbow was invented by the Celts in Wales around 1180 C.E. but was not really used by the English military until the 1300s.

When was the English longbow first used?

The English longbow’s first recorded use was in South Wales in 1188, during a battle between the English and Welsh.

Was the long bow effective?

The longbow was extremely effective, because each archer could fire 20 arrows in a minute, at an enemy out of range to other weapons in response, apart from the crossbow, which took up to 30 seconds to load. An arrow shower was extremely demoralising as well as dealing death to soldiers and horses.

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How effective was the crossbow?

Crossbow Statistics Skilled crossbowmen could maybe make two or three shots a minute, with accuracy up to 400 yards. Medieval crossbows, even those with hundreds of pounds of draw weight, only shot bolts at around 140 feet per second, which is not much faster than the longbows of the time.

How far could an English longbow shoot?

The best longbows were made of yew, might have required a force of as much as 150 to 180 pounds (70 to 80 kg) to draw, and shot arrows a cloth yard (about 37 inches, or 94 cm) long, with an effective range of some 450 to 1,000 feet (140 to 300 metres) depending on the weight of the arrow.

How effective was the longbow in medieval warfare?

The English longbow was a powerful medieval type of longbow (a tall bow for archery) about 6 ft (1.8 m) long used by the English and Welsh for hunting and as a weapon in warfare, although the longbow was first used by the Welsh against the English. English use of longbows was effective against the French during the Hundred Years’ War,

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When did the English start using longbows?

Fought from 1337 to 1453, this struggle between the English and French monarchies saw archers from the conquered principality of Wales serving in the English armies, alongside English bowmen who had adopted this weapon and way of fighting. Self-yew English longbow, 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) long, 470 N (105 lbf) draw force.

What is the effective range of an English longbow?

English Longbow 1 Effective Range: 75-80 yard, with less accuracy up to 180-270 yards 2 Rate of Fire: up to 20 “aimed shots” per minute 3 Length: 5 to in excess of 6 feet 4 Action: Man-powered bow

What were the disadvantages of the longbow?

While the effectiveness of the longbow as a weapon is beyond dispute, one major disadvantage of it was that it required years of training and practice to become an effective longbowman. This was in contrast to the much simpler crossbow, which could be mastered in a few weeks even by inexperienced peasants.